Cruise ships in Venice

Cruises in Venice

It is commonly known that Venice, the magnificent Italian city, is sinking. Scientists say it is now sinking five times faster than initially thought.
Another thing that is commonly known, is that Venice is a very popular tourism destination. Lots of these tourists arrive in Venice by cruise ship, wanting to enter Venice via the San Marco passage, arriving in the centre of the city.
The two statements above can no longer be combined. The cruise ships bring a lot of tourists to Venice, but the cruise ships also contribute to the sinking process.
After a wave of protests, the Italian government has decided to ban the cruise ships out of Venice. But it is not sure yet what the consequences of this will be. One hopes to stop the sinking, but will the tourists accept the fact that they won’t be able to enjoy the magnificent view any more? And what other consequences will follow, if the tourists don’t accept the decision?

We have tried to find solutions for the problems above. A summary can be found in our PowerPoint presentation.

Cruise ships in Venice

Written by: Natascha Hänni and Laura Jacobs, class 703e

Sources:

Armstrong, R., & Spiller, N. (2010). Synthetic biology: Living quarters. Nature, 467(7318), 916-918.

EPA, U. (20091203, 20130911). Cruise Ship Discharge Assessment Report | Vessel Water Discharge, from http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/vwd/disch_assess.cfm

FCCA. (2011). Cruise Industry Overview – 2011, State of the Cruise Industry. 11. Retrieved from http://www.f-cca.com/downloads/2011-overview-book_Cruise%20Industry%20Overview%20and%20Statistics.pdf

Howitt, O. J., Revol, V. G., Smith, I. J., & Rodger, C. J. (2010). Carbon emissions from international cruise ship passengers’ travel to and from New Zealand. Energy Policy, 38(5), 2552-2560.

Lewis, T. (2013). Venice’s Gradual Sinking Charted by Satellites. LiveScience, from http://www.livescience.com/39979-venice-gradual-sinking-charted-by-satellites.html

Logan, K. The Sinking City of Venice, Italy, from https://sites.google.com/site/polyslrproject/venice—2-consequences

Machan, T. (2013a). Confusion over Venice cruise ship ban. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/cruises/10432424/Confusion-over-Venice-cruise-ship-ban.html

Machan, T. (2013b). Cruise lines seek Venice solution. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/cruises/cruise-news/10283185/Cruise-lines-seek-Venice-solution.html

Moran, L. (2012). Venice is sinking FIVE times faster than previously thought. DailyMail, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2120610/Venice-sinking-FIVE-times-faster-previously-thought.html

OurAmazingPlanetStaff. (2012). Venice Is Slowly Sinking | Venice Sea Level Rise & Flooding | LiveScience:. LiveScience, from http://www.livescience.com/19195-venice-sinking-slowly.html

ResponsibleTravel, S. L. (2013). How responsible are cruise liners? World’s best responsible & ecotourism holidays:. Responsibletravel.com, from http://www.responsibletravel.com/copy/how-responsible-are-cruise-liners

Reuters. (2013). Italy to divert cruise ships from historic Venice. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/10429181/Italy-to-divert-cruise-ships-from-historic-Venice.html

Richard, E. (2013, 20131107). Cruise lines planning changes after Venice announces ban on largest ships | Compass. Yahoo! Travel, from http://travel.yahoo.com/blogs/compass/cruise-lines-planning-changes-venice-announces-ban-large-000045111.html

Saltzman, D. (2012, 20121207). Are Cruise Ships Environmentally Friendly? Depends on Who You Ask. – Various:. CruiseCritic, from http://www.cruisecritic.com/news/news.cfm?ID=5111

Saltzman, D. (2013, 20131106). Italy will ban large cruise ships in Venice lagoon. Cruise Critic, 2013, from http://www.cruisecritic.com/news/news.cfm?ID=5602

theguardian.com. (2013). Venice to ban giant cruise ships. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/06/venice-ban-giant-cruise-ships

Tosi, L., Teatini, P., & Strozzi, T. (2013). Natural versus anthropogenic subsidence of Venice. [Article]. Sci. Rep., 3. doi: 10.1038/srep02710

Voo, L. v. d. (2010). Cruise Ship Pollution – Environmental Impacts of Cruises. The Daily Green  Retrieved 20131117, 2013, from http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/cruise-ship-pollution-460810

Webb, J. A. B. Venice: rising water, sinking land. Landscape architecture study tour with professor Jack Ahern, from http://courses.umass.edu/latour/Italy/venice_water/index.html

Wikipedia. (2001, 20131107). Venice. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  Retrieved 20131108, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VeniceCruise ships in Venice

“Bei halben Preisen muss man reisen!”

…dachte sich wahrscheinlich 1890 auch unsere liebe SBB, als sie das Halbtaxabonnement im Bahnverkehr für Geschäftsreisende einführte.

Die Hotelcard AG hat diesen Grundgedanke auf eine „andere Schiene“ bzw. auf die Hotelerie übertragen, und bietet seit 2009 ihre ½ Preis Karte für jährlich Fr. 95.- an. Damit stehen die Türen offen für aktuell 450 Hotels in der Schweiz, Österreich, Deutschland und Italien. Das Angebot umfasst alle Kategorien. Preiswerte Hotels sowie exklusive und namhafte Hotels sind vertreten.

Das Ziel dabei ist eine Win-Win Situation für Kunden wie Hoteliers, und die kalten Betten sollen der Vergangenheit angehören.

Ja und wo ist der Haken? Es gibt gar keinen…Keine Konsumationspflicht, keine Mindestaufhaltsdauer, und es entstehen auch keine weiteren Kosten & Verpflichtungen.

Schauen Sie doch selber mal rein http://www.hotelcard.com, und lassen Sie sich für Ihren nächsten Ausflug inspirieren.

Schweizerhof_GrindelwaldVilla Principe Leopoldo HotelSchweizerhof_Grindelwald

PPP: Hotelcard_ppp
Autoren: Bruno Krummenacher, Rahel Knecht
Quelle: http://www.hotelcard.com

Alberghi Diffusi a new type of accommodation

 

Context:

Back in time, people use to travel with the help of travel agent or tour operators, directly going to their office for information and arrangements. Everything was organized for them. Also, mass tourism starting around 1960, influenced the travelers to prefer places where everyone goes, in which they can relax and not worry about anything else.

Thus, this situation is now changing. Travelers are becoming more and more autonomous and want to live an exceptional vacation separated from the mass, rather than be with thousands of other people having the same experience. They are now more independent and know how to travel.

Another important aspect in the eyes of today’s travelers, are the environmental issues. They want to engage ethically, extending this to their manner to travel.

Some socio-economics factors are also at the origin of these changes. People have now more free time at disposition, and are starting to travel more but for shorter periods.

The wish of the suppliers is anymore to simply satisfy the customer’s needs, but to go over it as a delighted customer is a “Lifetime” customer. That’s why it is nowadays a crucial aspect of competition.

Then, the IT system evolution also has an important role, in the way that it facilitates the way people book and communicate with their suppliers.

It should also not be forgotten that today a really competitive aspect is innovation. Not any supplier should dismiss the innovation from its plans. Having an USP can change everything

Results, analysis and discussion:

In order to follow these new habits and manners to travel, many tourism suppliers start to adapt their product and services. This is in this perspective that the Community based (eco) tourism is born. As its name describes it, this is the local people that control and manage the projects, and benefit from it.

Following the different aspects stated in the introduction, the CBT is aimed to reduce the poverty and to promote the regional economic development of the region where it is. Thus, we can see that most of the CBT are now located in developing countries.

The environmental concerns are also addressed by the fact that, these existing but disaffected buildings are reused for touristic purpose. The main goal is actually to give another life to old buildings.

There are different types of CBT in different regions of the worlds. Here is a list of some of the different buildings we can find in this category:

  • MAS’Hôtel – Val d’Hérens (CH)
  •  Piz Tschütta – Vnà (CH) (It is an ancient auberge. It now became an hotel with 10 rooms. It is now appreciated as a peaceful place to spend some holiday time).

Another of these innovations is the Alberghi diffusi in Italy. I’m going to give the details about the development of that project to show a concrete example of this new trend.

The Albergho Diffuso is actually an association which is born in 1996, that nowadays is at the head of 35 “hotel’s villages” in Italy.  Like the other projects of CBT, this concept of dispersed hotels is aimed to give the customers a traditional and cultural stay in a place that is environmental friendly. They learn to live like the local population which makes them have a greater experience, creating a closer link with the place they visit and its inhabitants.

Every CBT has its own specialty and for the Alberghi diffusi, it is the fact that the different services such as reception or rooms, are located in different places within the village. From there comes the definition of “Hotel’s villages”.

There are many benefits coming out of the CBTs for the different players.

First, it gives the tourists a chance to get closer with their host community and as well as a good image of the destination. It allows the locals to make their own promotion.

Then, as I said before, the money coming from the overnights, and different expenses of the visitors going directly to the local population. Another good point is that it favors linkage, as it employs mostly locals in its installations. We can conclude that the money is actually staying IN the destination which is really good for the health of the local economy.

The environmental issues are addresses there with the fact that no new building will be built thus no more place is needed as I said before. Also, as it is quite a special way to reuse a building, it promotes the architectural aspect of the place.

However, it is not that easy to become a CBT, the idea should come from the local stakeholders and it must offer the same services as an hotel. The minimum rooms number is of 7 and it should also offer a minimum of services.

Conclusion :

I think that such projects are of a great importance for the future of the accommodation sector. As the customer are becoming more and more conscious of environment issues, a type of catering that respect the environment will take the advantage upon the other types. I also need to point out that such an installation in a village nowadays can become a great USP for that destination. It is accessible for a lot of destination as there are lots of places that possess unused old building that just need a bit of renovation to be given another function.

In a time of bad economy in many countries, this could help the expenses to stay “local”, thus to generate more money that is not going out of the borders.

The reduced availability of rooms in these establishments reduces the risk of mass tourism, which is an advantage as overbooked hotels are becoming a threat for many destinations.

Finally, as these kinds of accommodations are quite new, travelers are likely to be attracted by this if enough promotion is made.

References :

Gallay, M. (2010). Les nouvelles formes d’hébergements en Suisse et en Autriche : Etat des lieux, tendances et analyse. HEIG-VD

Philippe Pasche, directeur ; Denise Dubacher, assistante. (2010). Le potentiel touristique des régions périphériques. Société Suisse du Crédit Hôtelier SCH.

Vitali, S. (2012, August 7). Québec and Albergo Diffuso – English Version. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from Sustainable tourism world : http://sustainabletourismworld.wordpress.com/category/focus-on-albergo-diffuso/

Author : Gabrielle Pasche