Urban ecotourism: How urban tourism could be sustainable and environmentally friendly?

urban ecotourism

 

Abstract

This case study will present the new trend of the urban ecotourism. It is common knowledge that green tourism is trendy. The cities are now involved in this trend. A lot of cities have begun to launch initiatives to try and develop the concept of linking social demand, economic needs and environmental requirements. This article will determine if urban tourism can become sustainable and environmentally friendly. The first part will include the explanation of the concept. The second part will present some existing examples around the world and particularly in Switzerland.

Key words: Urban ecotourism, green tourism, tourism, trend, Paris, Toronto, Lausanne

Authors: Alexandra Butty, Justine Berclaz, Morgane Pfefferlé and Julia Maret 703_e

Source: Case study – Urban ecotourism – 703e Tuesday, the 11th of November 2014

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Airbnb, illegal?

Airbnb, illegal?

Alexandre Clavel

703_e

 

Introduction

Airbnb, the sharing and location of flat website, has become an unavoidable actor on the tourism market. It has changed our way of travelling. It is growing up very fast and the trend doesn’t seem to stop. Most of the time, clients are very happy with it; but on the other hand, cities, hotels and touristic locations are economically and politically threatened by this quick success. The case will speak about Airbnb, but it also concerns its concurrent such as Housetrip.

 

Results of the studies

First of all: what is the problem?

The first issue concerns the cities directly. As in every city, the government tries to supply its entire inhabitants with decent lodgings, therefore requiring laws or building new flats. But in popular touristic cities such as New York, Paris or Berlin, a lot of good flats in the centre of the city are nowadays used only for touristic purposes, which is not helping the demographical and lodging issues of a city.

The second issue comes from the professionals of tourism, unsatisfied of this new concurrence which doesn’t have the same standards and controls like a hotel or pension has. The comparison of the prices of a stay in a flat with Airbnb and a stay in a hotel proves the apprehension of the classical lodging enterprises. For cities living of tourism, it could represent an important loss of employment.

Concretely, the cities react under the both pressure of lodging issues and professional tourism lobbyism, the Big Apple first. The city of New York has passed a new law which doesn’t allow under-location of flats for less than 30 days, unless the locator lives with. Berlin Is now trying to pass the same kind of law and it is very likely to happen in Paris too. Airbnb has or will have therefore problem to find any apartments in these cities and try to find gaps in these laws. For instance in New York, if the hosts stays in the apartment while the visit of tourists, it is legal.

Hotels cannot face the problem directly as they cannot make any legal decisions or prohibit anything. Therefore, their strategy is to stress their marketing on the quality of their services, on the clients rating on websites such as TripAdvisor and on online marketing. So far, as it is a new threat, hotels and other professional of lodging are not completely prepared and don’t always apply these solutions, but the resistance is organising.

On the other hand, some parts of the population are protesting against these new laws as they benefited from this trend. Some event went professional, renting apartment to website as a full time professional activity. Protest already happened in New York, questioning the merits of what is perceived as a repression.

Synthesis

The new business of Airbnb is a threat for cities and professionals of lodging. These both protagonists react with laws and the improvement of their own service in order to curb the tendency, as it seems quite impossible to make it decrease. But the Airbnb and the owners of the rented apartments, which are not happy with these measures, subsist and always find a way to keep their business on.

My opinion

The story is not over, and we will hear a lot about it in the next few years. The real question, which is also the most difficult, is “What is the interest of the people?” There is in one hand the lodging problem lots of countries have to face, not helped by the recession, and the employment that are generated by hotels. On the other hand, there is the interest of the people renting their apartment and the one of Airbnb, which also creates employment. Would it be possible to find a compromise? Certainly, but there comes the problem of the borders. One law for one country. Knowing that global solution is very unlikely to happen; will we have to make different choice, have different website and reference in each of the country we plan to travel?

Autor: Alexandre Clavel, 703_e

Sources

–          No author. (10th December 2013). Le succès d’Airbnb énerve les villes. 20minutes.ch. http://www.20min.ch/ro/news/monde/story/Le-succ-s-d-Airbnb–nerve-les-villes-19196163

–          Nina Fowler. 22nd November 2013). Airbnb calls for clarity on new holiday rental restrictions in Berlin. Venturevillage.eu http://venturevillage.eu/holiday-rentals-berlin

–          Vikram Singh. (2nd December 2013). How Airbnb is crushing traditional hotel brands. 4hoteliers.com. http://www.4hoteliers.com/features/article/8038

Sightseeing mal anders: Alternative Städtetouren weltweit

Stadtführungen und Busrundfahrten sind super Gelegenheiten, eine Stadt kennenzulernen. Doch warum mit langweiligen Cityguides und lahmen Stadtgeschichten abgeben? Folglich einige Beispiel von neuen Trends welche Holidaycheck.de zusammengestellt hat:

Dead Apple Tours / New York

Das Highlight in New York, im 60er Jahre Leichenwagen bringen zwei schwarz gekleidete Bestatter die Touristen zu Schauplätzen mysteriöser Todesfälle. Wie zum Beispiel von Heath Ledger, australischer Schauspieler der wahrscheinlich an Drogen gestorben ist oder Keith Haring, US-amerikanischer Künstler, starb an AIDS. Die Rundfahrt dauert 2 Stunden.

Jack the Ripper / London

Wer war Jack the Ripper? Wo und wie hat er getötet? Ungeklärte Fragen tragen zum Phänomen Jack the Ripper bei. Während 3 Stunden wird die Geschichte des berühmten Schlächters an originalen Schauplätzen spannend dargestellt. Als Special Edition gibt es die Ripper-Walks-Tour auch in einem echten, schwarzen Londoner Taxi.

City of Dead / Edinburgh

Die Gruseltour findet jeden Abend statt und dauert 75 Min. Man besucht Gefängnisse, Mausoleums und trifft sogar auf Geister. Für 10 Euro wird den Besuchern ein grauenhaftes Erlebnis geboten.

Bunker-Tour / Berlin

Während 2-3 Stunden besuchen die Gäste die Unterwelt Berlins. Die Führungen werden durch den Verein „Berliner Unterwelten“ angeboten. Der 2te Weltkrieg, die Mauer und der Kalte Krieg haben in der Stadt deutlich ihre Spuren hinterlassen. Ab 10 Euro werden die Touren angeboten, es gibt 12 Möglichkeiten die Unterwelt zu erkunden und 1 Museum welches besucht werden kann.

Segway –Tour / Paris

Die weltweit erste Segway-Tour findet in Paris statt, heutzutage ist eine geführte Segway-Tour in vielen Grossstädten Weltweit möglich.  Da die Metropolen sehr gross sind und zu Fuss alles weitläufig ist bietet Segway die optimale Lösung. Ab 45 Euro werden die Touren angeboten.

Nachtwächter-Führung / Ribe (Dänemark)

Früher hatte der Nachtwächter die Aufgabe, in den Strassen Ribes für Ruhe und Ordnung zu sorgen. Er hatte ausserdem die Funktion, die Einwohner der Stadt vor Sturmfluten zu warnen. Im Jahre 1902 wurde die Tradition der Nachtwächter aufgegeben. Sie können dem Nachtwächter auf seiner traditionellen Runde durch die alten Strassen Ribes folgen. Der Rundgang dauert 45 Min. und ist kostenlos.

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Powerpoint Präsentation: Zu gross wegen der Bilder, kann nicht hochgeladen werden.

Verfasst durch: Sylvie & Zoé

Quellen:

 Tour Experience http://www.tourexpi.com/de-intl/news.html~nid=65306

 Segway http://citysegwaytours.com/